Does gun control reduce crime rate? Abstract Over the past few months, people across the nation have been debating about gun control. Topics ranging from firearm restrictions to background checks have been heavily discussed by both emotion and logic, by both gun supporters and gun control activists, and it seems like there Is no middle ground for both parties to agree on, Crime rates Influence guns demanded for self-protection, and guns demanded by criminals depend upon guns held by law-babbling citizens. Comparative-static analysis Is used to Investigate the effects of crime and gun control policies.
The exults show that increases In crime control polices may reduce crime by less than one would expect because of the indirect negative effect on guns owned by the law- premeditated crime is ambiguous because of the negative effect on guns owned for self-protection and recreation. Statement of the purpose Gun Control is law designed to impose legal measures to license, control, or restrict the ownership of firearms by members of the public. That means the governments only responsibility is to control to the best of their ability, which citizens are able to get a permit to own and/or carry a firearm.
They should do background checks for NY mental illnesses, past criminal activity including petty crime, and whether or not they contribute to the community; I. E. , having a Job, presenting financial income or being a legal United States citizen etc. Government should not be able to dictate that a normal law abiding citizen who owns a gun for personal protection of home and property is responsible for all the crime. We should have stricter gun control laws because it will lead to less crime.
Gun control is a big issue in America, firearms are common in United States in 2009 40 percent Americans have reported have a firearm in their household. Some claim that gun control is violation of constitutional right to bear arm and argue that the firearms prevent crime. I think if we were to make more restricted gun control laws we could decrease the suicide and homicide rate. By taking away the firearms from the American citizens and making harder restriction when firearm are purchased that could eliminate the suicide issue in America (Andrea & Hempstead, 2010).
Background Information: Each year in the United States, Americans are getting killed by firearms. Research shows that suicide is a leading cause of death; there were more than 32,000 suicides in United States in 2006. On average 46 percent of Americans committed suicide with firearm every day. The problem is not gun control, the problem is the people who are involved in miss using them. Studies show that restricting access to firearms has been an effective strategy to lower the rate of suicide. Gun control policies help reduce gun availability by creating barrier to firearm ownership (Andrea & Hempstead, 2010).
The gun control act started in United States because of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act in 1993, known as the Brady Bill. The Brady Bill required the purchaser to wait five days before he/she could receive his/her firearm. In those five days a background check is conducted on the individual, which prohibits administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, but the waiting period was temporary and it ended in 1998. This Brady act was planned to reduce crimes by reducing handguns, but the law did not apply to all states it only applied to 32 states that did not have state level background check requirements (Clerk, 2008).
The Brady act on suicide and homicide had a very limited impact for some subpopulation. Studies show in 2004 there were 8,084,000 applications which were received for firearm transfer, but 1. 6% of it was rejected. In the same year there were 29,000 deaths that involved firearms that were suicides and homicides. This showed that the backgrounds checks that were conducted at the local leave had less suicide and homicide rates. The local agencies have access to more detailed criminal reports than the federal government (Gush, Allayed & Sumner, 2008).
Firearm has been a major issue in United States since founding of the country; however in December 1 5, 1971 a bill was passed which integrated the second Amendment to the constitution. That second Amendment give people the right to bear Arms, shall not be infringed. Ever since the law was passed America has been the nation of gun owner, it has been a problem for both the owners and the gun control advocate ( Nanas & Gallant, 2009). It is obvious why people support gun control, because they want to reduce crime and gun control will help achieve their goals.
In the poll that was conducted in 1978, regarding gun control laws 41 percent of Americans believe even if there were more gun control law that crime would still stay the same while 16 percent believes that crime will increase. After the shooting at Columbine school, respondents were asked ho was to be blamed for the murders, only a few recognized weak gun control rules. Many Americans support gun control because they believe gun control is an effective way to reduce crime and violence. “When it comes to gun control, Americans have very weak viewpoints on the topic”. (Barton & Egret, Clerk, 2009). Walsh Database articles President Obama made tougher gun laws a top priority after a gunman killed After 20 children and 6 adults were killed at an Elementary School in December last year, President Obama has stressed a lot on making gun laws tougher. Thou, congress is opposing on making the laws harder because they are worried that such actions would Congress rejected proposals to restrict certain types of guns and close loopholes in background record checks of gun buyers, however, after gun rights lobbying groups said the measures would violate the constitutional rights. United States: Obama Changes, 2013). People today have easy access to buying used handguns which are way cheaper than new handguns Just because of the extra handgun supply in the country. It was 100 million being handguns only (Kopje, 2012). Though the Second Amendment retests the rights of the people to keep and bear arms, a lot of civilians have an argument either favoring or opposing the restrictions on the guns. Some believe that the amendment protects the government while the people opposing believe that the amendment is made to protect individuals’ gun ownership.
No state required business owners to restrict firearms on their properties until 2004. Due to easy availability of firearms, a lot of civilians could be carrying them along with them, putting the employees and business owners at risk. Hence all the states have started squiring all businesses to restrict the carry-on of firearms on their property or premises (Witter, 2010). Description of the Methodology: I am using survey as a design tool to help me collect the data. The survey contains five questions, which are related to whether gun control reduces crime rate.
Some of the questions that are mentioned in survey are based on whether the debate on gun control is very critical in today’s economy crisis and if people feel that there should be more or less limitations on access to guns and firearms. Along with that, other questions are generally based on demographics and how many have access or own a rearm. I passed the survey to 25 colleagues at my work place in a random order. The questions in the survey will help me in breaking down and grouping the results which I will later use for hypothesis testing for the project.
Statistical Analysis For the statistical hypothesis analysis, Chi- Square – Test of Independent and independent 2 sample it’s are being used since more than two variables are being used. As we learned in class, in this case we are not testing about population parameters, since it’s non-parametric, therefore there are no assumptions. For the first and third hypothesis, alpha is set at 0. 5 and for the second hypothesis, alpha is set at 0. 01 . 1 . Hypothesis HO: The citizens who own a firearm are in favor of stricter rules for gun control. Ha: We will use one sample t- test. Non – directional) a = . 05/2-0. 025, 16-1 = 15, devalue=o. 79 Reject HO if 0. 79 > C.V.. AS calculated, 2. 131 Hence, we will fail to reject HO since 0. 79 > 2. 131 , stating that all citizens who own a firearm are in favor of stricter rules for gun control. 2. Hypothesis. HO: The proportion of individuals in favor of requiring background check on people buying guns is dependent on gender. Ha: The proportion of individuals in favor of squiring background check on people buying guns is independent on gender. .01 Using a 2 sample- Test of Independence.
UDF= 10+9-2= 17 We reject the null if t value is greater than the C. V. In this case our C. V is 2. 567. T- value = 2. 60 Hence, we reject HO since 2. 60>2. 567, stating that the proportion of individuals in favor of requiring background check on people buying guns is independent on gender. 3. Hypothesis HO: More teachers and school officials should carry gun in school is independent to gender. Ha: More teachers and school officials should carry gun in school is dependent to gender. .05 Using a 2 sample- Test of Independence. Reject HO if 2. 87 > C.V.. UDF = 2 As calculated, C.V.= 4. 0 We will fail to reject HO since 2. 87 < 4. 30, hence stating that more teachers and school officials should carry gun in school is independent to gender Conclusion: United States has two major laws that restrict citizens from purchasing firearms and those laws are National Firearms Act in 1934 and the Gun Control Act in 1968. Sine those Acts became effective the suicide and the homicide rates have declined. As researching through the articles, guns have been a big issue for decades and still are a big issue today for both the gun owners and the others.